IV. Domain of the Human Dimensions of Global Change Impacts

The effects of global change have distinct socio-economic aspects. Global and regional environmental changes significantly affect the level of human welfare. Global change is considered, at both expert and decision-making levels, as a phenomenon whose consequences must be taken into account when preparing long-term strategies, but particularly in the systematic investment of time, energy and funding into improving the adaptability of individual fields of human activities and entire national economies. Global change continues to be at the centre of attention of both the expert and general publics. Not only has it become an ecological, sociological and technical problem of the present, but it also has a strong political dimension with a global reach. This poses a great problem, as the political aspect of the global change issue significantly complicates rational decision-making. The domain’s activities are thus aimed at using indicators and models for purposes of making integrated assessments of the impacts of global change on the services that ecosystems provide to people either directly or as a prerequisite for economic production.

Head
doc. RNDr. Pavel Cudlín, CSc.
Tel.: +420 387775614
cudlin.p@czechglobe.cz

Address
Na Sádkách 7, 370 05 České Budějovice

It includes:
Department of the Human Dimensions of Global Change
Department of Carbon Storage in the Landscape

Department of the Human Dimensions of Global Change


Vačkář David, Mgr., Ph.D. - head

Scientists :
Daněk Jan, Mgr., et Mgr.
Grammatikopoulou Ioanna, M.Sc.
Harmáčková Veronika, Mgr., Ph.D.
Lorencová Eliška, M.Sc., Ph.D.

Ph.D. students :
Emmer Adam, Mgr.

Others :
Horáková Charlotte, M.Sc., Ph.D.

 

Human activity has become one of the main driving forces of global change. However, changes in climate and ecosystems, in turn, significantly affect the services provided by the natural environment and thus the sustainability and development of human society. The main research content of the department is to record the vulnerability of socio-ecological systems to global changes, particularly with respect to various aspects regarding quality of life affected by changing ecosystems and their services. Equally important is knowledge of possible social responses to global problems and appropriate capacity to adapt to planetary-scale changes. As the impacts of global change are often long term and irreversible, it is necessary to analyse various options for the response to ongoing or expected changes.

The department’s main objectives concern:

a) driving forces of global changes: their effects on ecosystem services, identifying the contribution of human activity as the driving force of global change (e.g. CO2 emissions, changes in land use, transformation of ecosystems, decrease in biodiversity);

b) ecosystem services: demands on natural services particularly concerning safety and vulnerability of ecosystem services provided by the changing natural environment;

c) resilience of socio-ecological systems: analysis and assessment of the vulnerability of socio-ecological systems with respect to the impact of global change on the sustainability of societal development and quality of life; and

d) sustainability and management of socio-ecological systems: finding alternative solutions and human society’s optimal response to global changes.

Infrastructure used:
Software for integrated assessment, modelling and databases.

Department of Carbon Storage in the Landscape


Cudlín Pavel, Assoc., Prof., CSc. - head

Scientists :
Alhussen Ahmed Mohammed, MSc., Ph.D.
Chumanová Vávrová Eva, RNDr., Ph.D.
Cudlín Ondřej , Ing., Ph.D.
Edwards-Jonášová Magda, Dr., Ph.D.
Godbold Douglas, Prof., PhD.
Holub Filip, Ing.
Khadka Chiranjeewee, M.Sc., Ph.D.
Kolář Tomáš, Ing., Ph.D.
Plch Radek, Ing., Ph.D.
Prokopová Marcela, Ing.
Vašutová Martina, Mgr., Ph.D.
Včeláková Renata, Ing., Ph., D.
Veselá Petra, Ing., et Ing., Ph.D.
Zapletal Miloš, doc., Ing., Dr.

Ph.D. students :
Jakubínský Jiří, RNDr., Ph.D.
Purkyt Jan, Ing.

Others :
Chmelíková Ewa, Ing.
Effenberková Lenka, Mgr.
Kovaříková Zdeňka
Moravec Ivo, Ing.
Štěrbová Lenka, Mgr.

 

The activities of the Department of Carbon Storage in the Landscape are focused on the identification and quantification of integral parts of the carbon balance in selected landscapes for purpose of the creation of models of the carbon balance in relation to individual economic activities, land-use systems, and proportions of different habitats and land cover classes within the landscapes. The aim is landscape mapping and forecasting of further development of carbon reservoirs in the landscape under the conditions of global change. Activities conducted by the department are also aimed at defining and evaluating selected ecosystems services with an emphasis on mitigating impacts and adaptation to global change.